The Volstead Act
Ratified in October of 1919, the 18th Amendment to the United States Constitution, The Volstead Act, went in full effect on January 16th, 1920. Prohibition had come to America. And although police and Prohibition agents (‘Probies’) smashed and spilled millions of pints, quarts and gallons of liquor, the words and warnings of Tony Cermak and the ‘Wets’ rang cartoonishly true. Taverns were immediately replaced by ‘speakeasies’, liquor distributors were quickly replaced by ‘bootleggers’ and the revenues of the market that once went to business owners (as well as cities and states) now become the propriety of a seraglio of gangsters that ran roughshod through America. The ‘Roaring Twenties’ had started, as had the massive payroll of bribes going to cops, aldermen, and top legislators for ‘protection’ against the nation’s new law.